Licensed Breeders

Military Service Members, Veterans, and Spouses - For more information about obtaining a TDLR license or renewing a TDLR license that expired while serving on active duty, please go to the Military Outreach home page.

The Licensed Breeders Advisory Committee is scheduled to meet Monday, September 26 at 9:00 a.m. in the 1st Floor Public Meeting Room (125E) of TDLR's North Campus Building, located at 1106 Clayton Lane in Austin. When the agenda is available, it will be posted online. The meeting will be broadcast on TDLR's YouTube channel.

TDLR is reviewing the Licensed Breeders program (Title 16, Texas Administrative Code, Chapter 91) for re-adoption, revision, or repeal. TDLR will determine whether the reasons for adopting or readopting these rules continue to exist by answering the following questions for each rule:

  • Is it obsolete?
  • Does it reflect current legal and policy considerations?
  • Is it in alignment with TDLR's current procedures?

TDLR encourages anyone interested in the Licensed Breeders program to review the Notice of Intent and current Chapter 91 rules. Comments may be submitted by email to The deadline for comments is June 13, 2016.

The Licensed Breeder Advisory Committee met January 11, 2016 in Austin. The agenda and the staff reports are online. The meeting was archived and is available on TDLR's YouTube channel.

Attention all applicants for the Licensed Breeders program: the Pre-License Inspection Checklist is now available. Download the Pre-License Inspection Checklist (96 KB PDF)

Pre-license inspections are required for certain dog and/or cat breeder establishments who do not hold a United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Class A or B license. Our inspectors use this checklist to ensure your facility is in compliance with state laws prior to obtaining your license. The checklist was developed by a multi-divisional TDLR team based on statutory and rule requirements.

We hope you will find this information useful and helpful in preparing for your on-site inspection. If you need assistance, please contact TDLR at or 800-803-9202.

Most Common Code Violations for Licensed Breeders

1. Standards of Care – Veterinary Care. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.112(d). Breeding cycles. A licensed breeder shall provide breeding females adequate rest between breeding cycles as recommended by a veterinarian based on the breed, age, and health of the individual breeding female and documented by a veterinarian in the medical records related to each animal.

2. Standards of Care – Exercise of Dogs. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.106(a). A licensee must develop, document, and follow an appropriate plan to provide dogs with the opportunity for daily exercise. In addition, the plan must be approved by a veterinarian and documented by a veterinarian in the medical records related to each dog. The plan must include written standard procedures to be followed in providing the opportunity for exercise.

3. Standards of Care - Routine and preventative care. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.112(c). Failed to have the written health care management protocol contain all required health care records, including all authorized exemptions approved by a veterinarian.

4. Standards of Care – Housing General. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.100(1). Structure; construction. Housing facilities for dogs and cats must be designed and constructed so that they are structurally sound. They must be kept in good repair, and they must protect the animals from injury, contain the animals securely, and restrict other animals from entering.

5. Standards of Care – Veterinary Care. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.112(c)(2). Routine and preventative care. A licensed breeder shall develop and maintain at each of the breeder’s facilities a written health care management protocol approved by a veterinarian that addresses routine and preventative healthcare for each animal in the facility. The written health care management protocol required by this section must contain all health care records required by this chapter including all exemptions authorized by this chapter and approved by a veterinarian.

6. Responsibilities of Licensee – Annual Inventory. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.76(a). Not later than February 1 of each year, a licensed breeder shall submit to the department, on a form prescribed by the department, an accounting of all animals held at the facility at any time during the preceding calendar year.

7. Standards of Care – Housing General. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.100(5). Storage. Supplies of food and bedding must be stored in a manner that protects the supplies from spoilage, contamination, and vermin infestation. The supplies must be stored off the floor and away from the walls, to allow cleaning underneath and around the supplies. Foods requiring refrigeration must be stored accordingly, and all food must be stored in a manner that prevents contamination and deterioration of its nutritive value. All open supplies of food and bedding must be kept leak-proof with tightly fitting lids to prevent contamination and spoilage. Only food and bedding that is currently being used may be kept in the animal areas. Substances that are toxic to the dogs or cats but are required for normal husbandry practices must not be stored in food storage and preparation areas, but may be stored in cabinets in the animal areas.

8. Standards of Care – Housing General. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code. Ch. 91.100(2). Condition and site. Housing facilities and areas used for storing animal food or bedding must be free of any accumulation of trash, waste material, junk, weeds, and other discarded materials. Animal areas inside of housing facilities must be kept neat and free of clutter, including equipment, furniture, and stored material, but may contain materials actually used and necessary for cleaning the area, and fixtures or equipment necessary for proper husbandry practices. Housing facilities must be physically separated from any other business. If a housing facility is located on the same premises as another business, it must be physically separated from the other business so that animals the size of dogs, skunks, and raccoons are prevented from entering it.

9. Standards of Care—Primary Enclosure. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.104(1)(b) General requirements. Primary enclosures must be constructed and maintained so that they: have no sharp points or edges that could injure the dogs and cats; protect the dogs and cats from injury; contain the dogs and cats securely; keep other animals from entering the enclosure; enable the dogs and cats to remain dry and clean; provide shelter and protection from extreme temperatures and weather conditions that may be uncomfortable or hazardous to all the dogs and cats; provide sufficient shade to shelter all the dogs and cats housed in the primary enclosure at one time; provide all the dogs and cats with easy and convenient access to clean food and water; enable all surfaces in contact with the dogs and cats to be readily cleaned and sanitized in accordance with §91.109(b), or be replaceable when worn or soiled; have floors that are constructed in a manner that protects the dogs' and cats' feet and legs from injury, and that, if of mesh or slatted construction, do not allow the dogs' and cats' feet to pass through any openings in the floor; provide sufficient space to allow each dog and cat to turn about freely, to stand, sit, and lie without its body being in contact with at least one side of the shelter walls in a comfortable, normal position, and to walk in a normal manner; and if the suspended floor of a primary enclosure is constructed of metal strands, the strands must either be greater than 1/8 of an inch in diameter (9 gauge) or coated with a material such as plastic or fiberglass. The suspended floor of any primary enclosure must be strong enough so that the floor does not sag or bend between the structural supports.

10. Standards of Care – Watering. - 16 Tex. Admin. Code Ch. 91.108. If potable water is not continually available to the dogs and cats, it must be offered to the dogs and cats as often as necessary to ensure their health and well-being, but not less than twice daily for at least 1 hour each time, unless restricted by a veterinarian. Water receptacles must be kept clean and sanitized in accordance with §91.109(b), and before being used to water a different dog or cat or social grouping of dogs or cats.

Please direct questions and comments to