School Operations Guide
Table of Contents
- Becoming Licensed
- School Requirements
- Training Site Requirements
- Instructor Requirements
- Course Curriculum
- Student Admission Requirements
- Verification of Course Completion
- Reporting Requirements
- Recordkeeping and Audits
- Updating School Information
Schools will be responsible for purchasing and creating their own equipment and supplies to establish their business.
Schools are required to provide motorcycles to students. TDLR will not provide schools with motorcycles. A separate motorcycle must be available for each student during range instruction
It is the responsibility of the instructor to determine is a motorcycle is mechanically unsafe, or if a motorcycle is inappropriate for a specific rider or any other person permitted on the range.
A separate motorcycle must be available for each student during range instruction.
Student Provided Motorcycles
If a school allows students to provide their own motorcycles, those motorcycles must:
- meet all the requirements for operation on public highways
- be covered by a motor vehicle liability insurance policy that meets the requirements of Texas Transportation Code §601.072, proof of which must be available for inspection by an instructor
- pass a safety inspection conducted by the instructor
All students and instructors must wear protective gear when participating in the on-cycle portion of the course. The minimum protective gear includes:
- a motorcycle helmet that meets U.S. DOT standards
- eye protection
- over-the-ankle, sturdy footwear
- a long-sleeved shirt or jacket
- non-flare pants that cover the entire leg and are made from a material that is at least as sturdy as denim
- full-fingered gloves
Liability Insurance Policy
A motorcycle school must be continuously covered by an insurance policy that provides at least $2 million in liability coverage and $10,000 in medical payments coverage.
Training Site Requirements
A motorcycle school must have a training site that includes:
- a range that is:
- a paved surface, including asphalt, concrete, or another all-weather surface of suitable traction
- large enough to safely accommodate all courses conducted by the motorcycle school
- reasonably free of incline
- secure from vehicular and pedestrian traffic
- free of surface hazards and obstacles
- first aid kit of an appropriate type
- fire extinguisher of at least 5 lbs. class ABC, or equivalent for the range
- a classroom that:
- is not located in a private residence
- is large enough to adequately seat all students and instructors
- has an adequate seat and writing surface for each student
- has adequate audiovisual presentation equipment
An instructor must:
- notify the department of any change in the instructor’s address, phone number, or email address within 15 days from the date of the change by submitting a completed Motorcycle Instructor Notice of Change and Duplicate License Request form (PDF)
- maintain a valid driver's license that entitles the license holder to operate a motorcycle on a public road
- not have been convicted during the preceding three years of:
- two or more moving violations that resulted in an accident, or
- three or more moving violations, including violations that resulted in an accident
- maintain first aid and CPR certification from a nationally recognized provider with training courses that require in-person attendance, provide hands-on skills practice, and meet or exceed the standards of the American Red Cross, the American Heart Association, or the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- act immediately to appropriately address the medical needs of any person injured at the training site and summon emergency medical services if necessary
- report each incident to the motorcycle school in a timely manner
- cooperate with all department audits and investigations and provide all requested documents
- before each course, inspect each motorcycle to be used on the range to ensure the motorcycle meets the requirements (see the Motorcycle Requirements section)
- ensure that each motorcycle provided by a student meets the insurance requirements before the motorcycle is used on the range
- provide instruction only in compliance with a curriculum approved by the department
- be capable of instructing the entire course and providing technically correct riding demonstrations
- ensure that the student-to-instructor ratio remains within limits:
- for classroom instruction, there must be no more than 36 students per instructor
- for on-cycle instruction, where the instructor has not taught 7 courses, there must be no more than 6 students per instructor
- for on-cycle instruction, where the instructor has taught 7 or more courses, there must be no more than 8 students per instructor
- there must not be more than 12 students on a range during any phase of range instruction
- supervise all students and personnel on the range
- wear, and ensure all students wear, the protective gear required by §98.108(f) whenever participating in the on-cycle portion of any course
- deal honestly with members of the public and the department
An instructor must not:
- instruct a student if either the instructor or student exhibits signs of impairment from the use of alcohol or drugs
- complete, issue, or validate a certificate of course completion to a person who has not successfully completed the course
All courses must be conducted in accordance with a TDLR-approved curriculum that meets the standards of the law and administrative rules.
Schools may use a pre-approved curriculum or the school may develop their own curriculum that model the National Standards for Entry-Level Motorcycle Rider Training - August 2011 (PDF).
Approval of Course Curriculum
For schools creating their own curriculum, you must submit to the department:
- a completed Curriculum and Cross Reference Form, which is included with the Motorcycle School License Application (PDF)
- the curriculum for the course
- if requested by the department, course materials to be used by students and instructors in the classroom and on the range
Curriculum Standards - Entry-Level Course
The minimum curriculum standards for an entry-level course are the National Standards for Entry-Level Motorcycle Rider Training - August 2011 (PDF) distributed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which the department adopts by reference.
Curriculum Standards – Non-Entry-Level Course
The minimum curriculum standards for a course of instruction in motorcycle operation that is not an entry-level course are:
- the course must provide a benefit to public safety
- the course must be designed to provide training in a safe and prudent manner
Student Admission Requirements
Entry-level courses are open to any individual who is at least 15 years old on the day the course begins and meets one of the following requirements:
- has an unrestricted Class C, or higher, driver license
- has a Class C learner license
- can present the proper driver education form verifying successful completion of the classroom portion phase of driver education
Non-Entry Level Courses
Non-entry-level courses are open to any individual who holds a Class M driver’s license or an equivalent out-of-state license.
Students under 18 Years of Age
Individuals younger than 18 years of age must provide the motorcycle school with written consent, signed by a parent or other person listed in Texas Family Code §32.001(a), for the individual to receive medical treatment for any injury that may occur at the motorcycle school.
Verification of Course Completion
Course Completion Certificates
A motorcycle school must issue a department-approved course completion certificate to a student who has successfully completed an entry-level course. The certificate must be signed by an instructor who taught the course or an appointed representative of the school.
If a student successfully completes an entry-level course that is specific to the operation of a three-wheeled motorcycle, a motorcycle school must issue a department-approved course completion certificate that is restricted to the operation of a three-wheeled motorcycle.
A motorcycle school may issue a duplicate course completion certificate to a student for a lost certificate for up to three calendar years from the date the course was completed. The duplicate certificate must bear the same certificate number and course completion date as the original certificate.
Course Completion Reporting
After a course has completed, schools must accurately report to TDLR within 5 business days each of the following items:
- each student’s full legal name as shown on the student’s driver’s license, or other form of identification acceptable to the department
- whether each student successfully completed the course
- all instructors who provided instruction for the course
A motorcycle school must report quarterly to the department. The report must contain:
- the number and types of courses provided during the quarter
- the number of persons who took each course during the quarter
- the number of instructors available to provide training under the school's program during the quarter
- information collected by surveying persons taking each course as to the length of any waiting period the person experienced before being able to enroll in the course
- the number of persons on a waiting list for a course at the end of the quarter.
An “incident” is defined as any instance where any part of a motorcycle, other than the tires or side stand, touches the ground or another object.
A motorcycle school must report each incident to the department within three business days of the incident. Schools must use the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation’s Incident Report form when reporting incidents to the department.
Recordkeeping and Audits
Schools must for three calendar years, records of courses conducted and individuals who receive course completion certificates.
Schools may be visited by a TDLR inspector, as part of an unannounced audit, during reasonable business hours. The inspector will check to ensure that a motorcycle school and its instructors are in compliance with the requirements of Texas law and TDLR administrative rules.
See the What to Expect During a Motorcycle School Audit page for a detailed checklist of what items a TDLR auditor will examine.
Updating School Information
Schools must notify TDLR within 15 days of any change to:
- School Name
- Location of the school
- Controlling persons
- Liability insurance policy
- Motorcycle inventory
- Ownership of or authorization to use training site
- Course curriculum offered to students
- Employment of instructors
Relocation of a School
If you intend to relocate a motorcycle school, you must first notify TDLR in writing at least 15 days prior to relocation by submitting a completed Motorcycle School Address Change Form (PDF).
Change of Ownership
A motorcycle school license is not transferable.
If a motorcycle school has a change of ownership, the new owner must apply for a new motorcycle school license within 30 days after the change of ownership by submitting a completed Motorcycle School Change of Ownership Application (PDF) and paying the applicable fee. School applications must include all relevant business information about the school, proof of meeting insurance requirements and information about the curriculum being offered. The motorcycle school may continue to operate while the department is processing the application.