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School Operations Guide
Table of Contents
- Becoming Licensed
- School Requirements
- Training Site Requirements
- Instructor Responsibilities
- Course Curriculum
- Student Admission Requirements
- Verification of Course Completion
- Reporting Requirements
- Recordkeeping and Audits
- Updating School Information
For information on getting or renewing a license, please see the following pages:
Schools will be responsible for purchasing and creating their own equipment and supplies to establish their business.
Schools are required to provide motorcycles to students. TDLR will not provide schools with motorcycles. A separate motorcycle must be available for each student during range instruction
It is the responsibility of the instructor to determine is a motorcycle is mechanically unsafe, or if a motorcycle is inappropriate for a specific rider or any other person permitted on the range.
A separate motorcycle must be available for each student during range instruction.
Student Provided Motorcycles
If a school allows students to provide their own motorcycles, those motorcycles must:
- meet all the requirements for operation on public highways
- be covered by a motor vehicle liability insurance policy that meets the requirements of Texas Transportation Code §601.072, proof of which must be available for inspection by an instructor
- pass a safety inspection conducted by the instructor
All students and instructors must wear protective gear when participating in the on-cycle portion of the course. The minimum protective gear includes:
- a motorcycle helmet that meets U.S. DOT standards
- eye protection
- over-the-ankle, sturdy footwear
- a long-sleeved shirt or jacket
- non-flare pants that cover the entire leg and are made from a material that is at least as sturdy as denim
- full-fingered gloves
Liability Insurance Policy
A motorcycle school must be continuously covered by an insurance policy that provides at least $2 million in liability coverage and $10,000 in medical payments coverage.
Training Site Requirements
A motorcycle school must have a training site that includes:
a range that is:
- a paved surface, including asphalt, concrete, or another all-weather surface of suitable traction
- large enough to safely accommodate all courses conducted by the motorcycle school
- reasonably free of incline
- secure from vehicular and pedestrian traffic
- free of surface hazards and obstacles
- first aid kit of an appropriate type
- fire extinguisher of at least 5 lbs. class ABC, or equivalent for the range
a classroom that:
- is not located in a private residence
- is large enough to adequately seat all students and instructors
- has an adequate seat and writing surface for each student
- has adequate audiovisual presentation equipment
An instructor must:
- Notify the department of any change in the instructor’s address, phone number, or email address within 15 days from the date of the change by submitting a completed Motorcycle Instructor Notice of Change and Duplicate License Request form (PDF)
- Maintain a valid driver's license that entitles the license holder to operate a motorcycle on a public road
Not have been convicted during the preceding three years of:
- Two or more moving violations that resulted in an accident, or
- three or more moving violations, including violations that resulted in an accident
- Act immediately to appropriately address the medical needs of any person injured at the training site and summon emergency medical services if necessary
- Report each injury to the motorcycle school in a timely manner
- Cooperate with all department audits and investigations and provide all requested documents
- Before each course, inspect each motorcycle to be used on the range to ensure the motorcycle meets the requirements (see the Motorcycle Requirements section)
- Ensure that each motorcycle provided by a student meets the insurance requirements before the motorcycle is used on the range
- Provide instruction only in compliance with a curriculum approved by the department
- Be capable of instructing the entire course and providing technically correct riding demonstrations
Ensure that the student-to-instructor ratio remains within limits:
- For classroom instruction, there must be no more than 36 students per instructor
- There must not be more than 8 students on a range during any phase of range instruction
- Supervise all students and personnel on the range
- Wear, and ensure all students wear, the protective gear required by §98.108(f) whenever participating in the on-cycle portion of any course
- Deal honestly with members of the public and the department
An instructor must not:
- Instruct a student if either the instructor or student exhibits signs of impairment from the use of alcohol or drugs
- Complete, issue, or validate a certificate of course completion to a person who has not successfully completed the course
Please see the Motorcycle School Course Curriculum Approval page for complete details on TDLR approval of training courses or making changes to the courses that your school offers to students.
Student Admission Requirements
Entry-level courses are open to any individual who is at least 15 years old.
Non-Entry Level Courses
Non-entry-level courses are open to any individual who holds a Class M driver’s license or an equivalent out-of-state license.
Students under 18 Years of Age
Individuals younger than 18 years of age must provide the motorcycle school with written consent, signed by a parent or other person listed in Texas Family Code §32.001(a), for the individual to receive medical treatment for any injury that may occur at the motorcycle school.
Verification of Course Completion
Course Completion Certificates
A motorcycle school must issue a department-approved course completion certificate to a student who has successfully completed an entry-level course. The certificate must be signed by an instructor who taught the course or an appointed representative of the school.
If a student successfully completes an entry-level course that is specific to the operation of a three-wheeled motorcycle, a motorcycle school must issue a department-approved course completion certificate that is restricted to the operation of a three-wheeled motorcycle.
A motorcycle school may issue a duplicate course completion certificate to a student for a lost certificate for up to three calendar years from the date the course was completed. The duplicate certificate must bear the same certificate number and course completion date as the original certificate.
Course Completion Reporting
After a course has completed, schools must accurately report to TDLR within 5 business days each of the following items:
- each student’s full legal name as shown on the student’s driver’s license, or other form of identification acceptable to the department
- whether each student successfully completed the course
- all instructors who provided instruction for the course
A motorcycle school must report quarterly to the department. The report must contain:
- the number and types of courses provided during the quarter
- the number of persons who took each course during the quarter
- the number of instructors available to provide training under the school's program during the quarter
- information collected by surveying persons taking each course as to the length of any waiting period the person experienced before being able to enroll in the course
- the number of persons on a waiting list for a course at the end of the quarter.
TDLR has created a Quarterly Report Template (Excel) to help Motorcycle School Administrators enter Student Completion Data. These templates already have the correct data structure and input requirements built in, thereby reducing the possibility for errors and saving time. Quarterly Reports are due to the department no later than the seventh day after the quarter being reported (i.e. January 7, April 7, etc.). A sample report (PDF) is also provided.
After completing the form, save it with a unique file name and upload the form to our online portal.
A motorcycle school must report each injury to the department within:
- two business days following the end of each course for an injury that requires immediate medical attention beyond first aid; or
- three business days following the end of each course for any other injury.
Schools must use the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation’s Motorcycle Injury Report form (PDF) when reporting injuries to the department.
Recordkeeping and Audits
Schools must for three calendar years, records of courses conducted and individuals who receive course completion certificates.
Schools may be visited by a TDLR inspector, as part of an unannounced audit, during reasonable business hours. The inspector will check to ensure that a motorcycle school and its instructors are in compliance with the requirements of Texas law and TDLR administrative rules.
See the What to Expect During a Motorcycle School Audit page for a detailed checklist of what items a TDLR auditor will examine.
Updating School Information
Schools must notify TDLR within 15 days of any change to:
- School Name
- Location of the school
- Controlling persons
- Liability insurance policy
- Motorcycle inventory
- Ownership of or authorization to use training site
- Course curriculum offered to students
- Employment of instructors
Relocation of a School
If you intend to relocate a motorcycle school, you must first notify TDLR in writing at least 15 days prior to relocation by submitting a completed Motorcycle School Address Change Form (PDF).
Change of Ownership
A motorcycle school license is not transferable.
If a motorcycle school has a change of ownership, the new owner must apply for a new motorcycle school license by submitting a completed Motorcycle School Change of Ownership Application (PDF) and paying the applicable fee. School applications must include all relevant business information about the school, proof of meeting insurance requirements and information about the curriculum being offered. The current license holder may continue to operate the motorcycle school while the department is processing the application.